Parental receptiveness include support, love, care and attention that parent show towards their children. Parents who encourage their children, answer them properly, play with them are emotionally attached with them. But parents who have more control over their children and show their power by punishing them, by insulting them or by ignoring their needs and wishes are not emotionally attached with their children (Maccoby & Martin, 1983).
So responsive parents have significant characteristics such as play with their children, deal with love and affection, explore their environment while playing and crawling and awareness of needs and wishes of their children. (Sears Sears, 2001)
Responsive parenting has constantly been connected with constructive developmental outcomes.
According to booklet sponsored by Foundation for Child Development
The process of learning starts from birth and they develop and learn at a rapid pace. The adults who provide care and education to children during their early years (1-4) bear great responsibility for their health, development and learning. Research has shown that what is going in babies and young children’s mind is much more complex and sophisticated than their outward behaviour reveals. Educators serving infants and toddlers can use several key strategies such as:
- Use language based interaction to develop trusting bonds
- Use talk for learning
- Engage in language rich play and read a variety of books and reread favourite.
Speech and Language Development of Toddlers:
Speech is the ability to produce sound that from the word .Language is the set of words that your child uses and understand.
Stages of Speech and Language Development:
- At 12 to 18 months children start saying there first words with meaning. For example your child saying ‘dada’ when he wants to call his dad.
- In his 2 year your toddler’s vocabulary increases and he will start to put two words and start making short sentences.
- In his third year your child will learn to speak complex sentences .He can play and talk at the same time at this stage.
Understanding and language Development:
At the age of 12 months child start the understanding the name of common objects like cat or car and the parts of the body like hand
At the age of the 18 months child will start refer to themselves by name .After few months they will understand and use ‘I’ to refer to themselves .At this stage they start to realize that they are separate person with their own ideas.
At the age of 2 year child will understand:
Some common phrase like:
Give me a toy.
Daily life instructions come in.
Very common explanations
At the third year of their life children learn one step and two step instructions as they already know about those things. For example. Pick this toy and put this in the box. Next the child start answer the questions from adults about where, what and who but cannot answer the ‘why’ and ‘how’ questions.