Is the ‘Language gap’ widening between children from different socioeconomic groups?

Language in the home matters a lot. Many studies show that language gap depend on the socio-economic status of families that has lasting impact on language learning. Stanford researchers (2013) found that children from those families who have low socio-economic status were 6 months behind by age of 2 years leading to more discrepancy in kindergarten and elementary school. Parents are their role models:

  • Listen your child
  • Use different vocabulary
  • Extend children’s language use
  • Create real life experiences to discuss
  • Use language before and after detailed experiences

Several analyses have shown that the family income and parent’s education depend on the number of siblings present in the household (Anastasi 1956, Mercy & Steelman 1982, Walberg and Majorbanks 1976). Even so SES is one of cause of early drop out in children (Batlin-Pearson et al.2000).

Poverty is thus associated with lower parental quality. Low income level creates complexities between husband and wife and between children and parents. When parents cannot fulfil their demands and needs due to poverty, it makes parents stressed person. Maternal stress has been shown to be transmittable to infants and toddlers. Maternal stress has been shown to be transmittable and children are negatively influence.

It is often difficult to identify mental disorders however the relation emerges in early childhood consistent in becomes middle childhood (Achenbach et al.1990, Duncan et al.1994, Mcheod & Shanahan 1993). The strength of relation between mental problems and SES changes by type of disorders and race (McLyod 1997). The relationship is most consistent with psychological and personality disorders accompanied with depression and other problems (Ortega & Corzine 1990). Use of substances such as drug is more in teen, it is due to friend’s company and negative life events (Wills et al .1982). It is easier to predict that the children from low SES suffer more health related problems. Results from Infants Health and Development Programme showed that 40% of children born premature and lives in chronic poverty may suffer at least   2 areas deficiencies.

Parental style which is essential medium of language development in children is also important for understanding patterns of word usage in the home. In the Tylor study:

Children use different root words highest mean length of utterance and highest number of different word roots. Home Literacy Environment is very influential in the development of child language. Many studies centred on the idea that language in the home is one of the key areas where social programmes can effect child language development. High SES homes have rich home literacy environment as compared to low SES. Parents SES, parents reading and behaviours are connected with richness of the HLE (home literacy environment) often measured using the HOME (Home

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