According to Social theory of language development, research has suggested interaction between child and caregiver is of primary importance with responsibility mostly lies on adults who guides about language learning process (Burner, 1975, 1983; Vygotsky, 1978). In this child is active participant who learns to affect the behaviour of other through active response (Bates, 1976; Harris, 1992; Tomasello, 1992).Moreover if adult provide proper response to child’s action and attention directing strategies has been identified as the most important element which contribute to child’s communication development. Studies have also found that maternal sensitivity (appropriately respond to child) and mutual communication are connected with effective language development in children (Laakso,Poikkeus, Katajamaki &Lyytinen , 1999; Tomasello & Farrar, 1986;Fiese, 1990).
According to Nicole Gardner Neblett and Kathleen Cranley Gallagher:
“During the first five years of life, children’s brains are developing rapidly and laying the foundation for learning. The interaction that children have with adults influence how children develop and learn. As a result early childhood educators have a prime opportunity to provide children with interactions that can support children’s growth and development, particularly their language and communication skills.”
They describe some practices that can help children in learning language and communication skills.